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DICOM

DICOM (Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine) is a standard for handling, storing, printing, and transmitting information in medical imaging. It includes a file format definition and a network communications protocol. The communication protocol is an application protocol that uses TCP/IP to communicate between systems. DICOM files can be exchanged between two entities that are capable of receiving image and patient data in DICOM format. The National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) holds the copyright to this standard. It was developed by the DICOM Standards Committee, whose members are also partly members of NEMA.

DICOM enables the integration of scanners, servers, workstations, printers, and network hardware from multiple manufacturers into a picture archiving and communication system (PACS). The different devices come with DICOM conformance statements which clearly state the DICOM classes they support. DICOM has been widely adopted by hospitals and is making inroads in smaller applications like dentists' and doctors' offices.

DICOM is known as NEMA standard PS3, and as ISO standard 12052:2006 "Health informatics -- Digital imaging and communication in medicine (DICOM) including workflow and data management".



Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM)
by Oleg S. Pianykh



A comprehensive review of the features and implementation of the DICOM Structured Reporting extension to the DICOM Standard.

DICOM (Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine) is the ubiquitous standard in the radiology and cardiology imaging industry for the exchange and management of images and image related information. DICOM is also used in other image related medical fields, such as pathology, endoscopy, dentistry, ophthalmology and dermatology.

This book endeavors to explain the principles behind DICOM SR, including how to create, encode and render structured reports. It includes basic material to help understand the DICOM standard itself, since Structured Reporting will be of relevance to many who are not already familiar with DICOM. Extensive examples of potential applications are provided, together with details of their encoding, to augment the somewhat sterile and concise descriptions in the standard itself.




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